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Ondo pastor fakes obituary to avoid N3m debt repayment
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/ondo-pastor-fakes-obituary-to-avoid-n3m-debt-repayment

2023: Kwankwaso has no deal with Atiku ― Alkali, NNPP Chair
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/2023-kwankwaso-has-no-deal-with-atiku-alkali-nnpp-chair

Protest rocks Enugu over fuel price hike, CBN monetary policy
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/protest-rocks-enugu-over-fuel-price-hike-cbn-monetary-policy

Alleged impersonation: ICPC to prosecute final year law student, 5 others — JAMB
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/alleged-impersonation-icpc-to-prosecute-final-year-law-student-5-others-jamb

Some Persons In Aso Rock Working Against Tinubu – El-Rufai
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/some-persons-in-aso-rock-working-against-tinubu-el-rufai

Police Station, INEC Office Bombed In Anambra
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/police-station-inec-office-bombed-in-anambra

We Are Not Aware Of People Working Against Tinubu – Lai Mohammed
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/we-are-not-aware-of-people-working-against-tinubu-lai-mohammed

2023: CBN, Obi, Atiku, Aso Rock can’t stop Tinubu – Fani-Kayode
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/2023-cbn-obi-atiku-aso-rock-can-t-stop-tinubu-fani-kayode

New naira scarcity ploy to discredit Buhari – Oluwo of Iwo
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/new-naira-scarcity-ploy-to-discredit-buhari-oluwo-of-iwo

Aisha Buhari Shares El-Rufai’s ‘Bombshell’ On Social Media
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/aisha-buhari-shares-el-rufai-s-bombshell-on-social-media

Rivers govt withdraws approval of stadium for Atiku’s campaign rally in Port Harcourt
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/rivers-govt-withdraws-approval-of-stadium-for-atiku-s-campaign-rally-in-port-harcourt

South African policemen arrested for allegedly torturing Nigerian to a coma
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/south-african-policemen-arrested-for-allegedly-torturing-nigerian-to-coma

Why I will work against Abiodun’s re-election – Amosun
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/why-i-will-work-against-abiodun-s-re-election-amosun

ICPC arrests woman selling new Naira notes on social media
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/icpc-arrests-woman-selling-new-naira-notes-on-social-media

Court sentences two rapist to life imprisonment
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/court-sentences-two-rapist-to-life-imprisonment

Naira Redesign Doesn't Make Any Political Or Economic Sense - El-Rufai [VIDEO]
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/naira-redesign-doesn-t-make-any-political-or-economic-sense-el-rufai-video

Man loses pregnant wife after disappointment by bank over new naira notes scarcity in Kaduna
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/man-loses-pregnant-wife-after-disappointment-by-bank-over-new-naira-notes-scarcity-in-kaduna

[OPINION] The Hurried Death Of January 2023 - Tola Adeniyi
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/opinion-the-hurried-death-of-january-2023-tola-adeniyi

[PRESS STATEMENT] Response to stadium cancellation - Abiye Sekibo
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/press-statement-response-to-stadium-cancellation-abiye-sekibo

Sokoto, Zamfara, Katsina trader confirms adopting another country’s currency amid new Naira notes scarcity
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/sokoto-zamfara-katsina-trader-confirms-adopting-another-country-s-currency-amid-new-naira-notes-scarcity

Banking halls empty as naira scarcity worsens
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/banking-halls-empty-as-naira-scarcity-worsens

Abuja fuel queues disappear, NNPC pumps 67 million litres
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/abuja-fuel-queues-disappear-nnpc-pumps-67-million-litres

Presidential Polls: Rivers people already know who I’m supporting — Wike
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/presidential-polls-rivers-people-already-know-who-i-m-supporting-wike

2023: Support Obi/Datti, Wike, G5 Govs told
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/2023-support-obi-datti-wike-g5-govs-told

[OPINION] The Governor and the Cemetery Boy - Olusegun Adeniyi
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/opinion-the-governor-and-the-cemetery-boy-olusegun-adeniyi

[OPINION] Don’t buy Tinubu’s parasitism - Abimbola Adelakun
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/opinion-don-t-buy-tinubu-s-parasitism-abimbola-adelakun

Obi, Kwankwaso won’t step down for Atiku – NNPP, LP
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/obi-kwankwaso-won-t-step-down-for-atiku-parties

IGP Drags Kwara APC Candidate To Court Over Alleged Falsification Of Academic Records
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/igp-drags-kwara-apc-candidate-to-court-over-alleged-falsification-of-academic-records

Fani Kayode, Ex-Wife, Precious Celebrate Son On 7th Birthday
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/fani-kayode-ex-wife-precious-celebrate-son-on-7th-birthday

Trouble For Adeleke As INEC REC Exposes BVAS Crime Performed During Osun Elections
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/trouble-for-adeleke-as-inec-rec-exposes-bvas-crime-performed-during-osun-elections

I Have Been Having Sex, Despite Being Single For Over 10 Years, – Mr Macaroni
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/i-have-been-having-sex-despite-being-single-for-over-10-years-mr-macaroni

Emefiele Has Hidden Agenda — Fani-Kayode
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/emefiele-has-hidden-agenda-fani-kayode

Hoodlums Attack, Shoot At Seyi Makinde’s Convoy, Destroy Vehicles
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/hoodlums-attack-shoot-at-seyi-makinde-s-convoy-destroy-vehicles

Naira Swap: Bank Chiefs Challenge CBN On Quantity Of New Notes
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/naira-swap-bank-chiefs-challenge-cbn-on-quantity-of-new-notes

ICPC arrest actress for selling new Naira notes on social media
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/icpc-arrest-actress-for-selling-new-naira-notes-on-social-media

[COMMENTS AND ISSUES] Are Nigerias enthusiastic about retrieving Nigeria? - Andrew A. Erakhrumen
https://www.reubenabati.com.ng/index.php/component/k2/comments-and-issues-are-nigerias-enthusiastic-about-retrieving-nigeria-andrew-a-erakhrumen

 

In the bid to mop up all the unwanted old Naira notes still in circulation, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has directed all banks in the country to also work tomorrow Sunday.

The Director of Currency Operations, Ahmed Umar disclosed this to journalists during a press conference in Katsina on Sunday.

He also said that the apex bank ruled against banks issuing the new notes from across the counters but through ATM machines to avoid discriminating between big and small customers. 


“We believe that using the ATM machine will give people equal opportunity to have access to the new notes.

“We are also able to track the volume of disbursement that is done through the ATM because of the log on it,” Umar said

On how they are ensuring that those in Katsina rural areas have access to the new notes, the CBN Director said:

“In Katsina there are over 750 registered agents who are tied to three banks. We disbursed N120 million to these banks to issue to these agents. Each agents is expected to receive N500,000 per week to disburse in their communities. We have been monitoring the agents around here to ensure that they do the needful with the new notes issued to them.

“We are riding on the back of the agents to help those from far distance and communities without banks nor ATMs to receive the new notes.


“We have teams monitoring the disbursement and distribution of the new notes. The monitoring exercise covers checking ATMs machines to ensure that money is loaded on the ATM machines for people to withdraw.”

In the same vein, Umar said the apex bank is currently carrying out additional cash swap programmes to local government in the state in order to ensure that everyone particularly those people who have less than N10,000 exchange their old notes for new ones to enable them continue with their lives.

Meanwhile, on the appeal from different quarters for extension of the deadline, the CBN Director of Currency Operation said: “There is no new directives on that till this moment. The deadline still remains 31 January 2023. So, we advise people to adhere to the deadline and deposit their money.”

Last modified on Sunday, 29 January 2023 17:27
President Muhammadu Buhari, Saturday assured that the government will ensure that citizens are unharmed in their businesses and no disruption is caused to the entire supply chain arising from the currency swap due to end shortly.
 
Reacting to reports of long queues of people waiting for hours for their turn to deposit old notes and get new ones, triggering public anger and opposition’s criticism, President Buhari reiterated that the currency changes were aimed at people hoarding illicit funds and not the common man, and that it had become necessary to prevent counterfeits, corruption, and terrorist funding. This, he assured, will stabilize and strengthen the economy.
 
While taking note that the poorest section of society is facing hardship as they often keep hard cash at home for various expenses, President Buhari gave strong assurances that the government will not leave them to their own fate.
 
He reiterated that a number of initiatives by the Central Bank and all commercial banks are underway to speed up distribution of the new notes and do all that is necessary to forestall cash squeeze and chaos.
 
 
 
Garba Shehu
 
Senior Special Assistant to the President
 
(Media & Publicity)
 
January 28, 2023

Last modified on Sunday, 29 January 2023 17:28

IN THE GOVERNORSHIP ELECTION PETITION TRIBUNAL
HOLDEN AT OSOGBO
OSUN STATE

ON FRIDAY, THE 27TH DAY OF JANUARY, 2023
BEFORE THEIR LORDSHIPS:

HON. JUSTICE T. A. KUME CHAIRMAN

HON. JUSTICE B. A. OGBULI MEMBER 1

RABI BASHIR (CM) MEMBER 2

PETITION NO: EPT/OS/GOV/01/2022

BETWEEN:

1. ADEGBOYEGA ISIAKA OYETOLA

2. ALL PROGRESSIVE CONGRESS (APC)

AND

1. INDEPENDENT NATIONAL ELECTORAL COMMISSION (INEC)

2. ADELEKE ADEMOLA JACKSON NURUDEEN

3. PEOPLE DEMOCRATIC PARTY (PDP)

PETITIONERS

RESPONDENTS

 

JUDGMENT (Delivered by Honourable Justice Tertsea Aorga Kume):

On the 16th day of July, 2022, the 1s` Respondent conducted Governorship election in Osun State. The 15t Petitioner was a candidate at the said election, under the sponsorship of the 2nd Petitioner.

The 2'6 Respondent contested the said Governorship election under the platform of the 3rd Respondent. Other political parties also sponsored candidates at the said election.

At the conclusion of voting at the various Polling Units in Osun State, the 15t Respondent declared and returned the 2nd Respondent elected candidate at the election, and, was returned as the Governor of Osun State on the 17th day of July, 2022.

Aggrieved by the declaration and return of the 2nd Respondent as the Governor of Osun State, the Petitioners have filed this petition on the 5th day of August, 2022.

The grounds of the petition are contained in paragraph 19 of the petition, which read as follows:

"19. The Petitioners state that the Grounds upon which this Petition is based are as follows:

  • The 2ndRespondent was, at the time of the election, not qualified to contest the election;
  • The 2ndRespondent was not duly elected by majority of lawful votes cast at the election.
  • The election of the 2ndRespondent was invalid by reason of non-compliance with the provisions of the Electoral Act 2022."

See page 4 of Vol. 1A of the petition.

The facts supporting the grounds of the petition are pleaded in paragraphs 20 — 68 of the petition. See Vol. 1A thereof.

The said grounds are as follows:

"a. The 2nd Respondent did not possess the educational qualification to contest the election to the office of Governor of Osun State held on Saturday, 16th day 2022 conducted by the frst Respondent.

  1. The 2ndRespondent has also previously in 2018 submitted forged certificate to the 1st Respondent herein along with his Form C.F.001 and also presented false documents to the 1st Respondent for the contest of the 2022 governorship election. The 2nd Respondent's study in any university is predicated on his high school result

2. The first respondent in 2018 and he did not go through the educational programme for the duration of time stipulated in the curriculum of the institution.

  1. Notwithstanding the foregoing, the first Respondent, in his form EC9 declared falsely on oath that all the answer, facts and particulars" he gave in the form are "true and correct" and that he "fulfilled all the requirements for qualification for the office" he sought to be elected.
  2. All the votes recorded for the 2ndand 3rd Respondents on Saturday, 16th July, 2022 in the Osun State Governorship Election and the results declared by the 1st Respondent on Sunday, 17th July 2022 in respect thereof are wasted votes in that the td Respondent was not qualified to contest the said election in the first place.
  3. The first Respondent is obliged to comply with the mandatory provisions of the Electoral Act which provide that for any person to vote, the Presiding Officer shall use a smart card reader or any other technological device as may be prescribed by the 1st Respondent for the accreditation of voters, to verify, confirm or authenticate the particulars of the intending voter in the manner prescribed by the 1st 
  4. In the counting of votes cast at the polling unit and the collation of the results of the election it is the number of accredited voters recorded and transmitted directly from polling units and the votes or results recorded and transmitted directly from polling units that should be taken into account.
  5. The total numbers of votes as well as number of accredited voters recorded in the respective Forms EC8A for those polling units on the one hand do not tally with the numbers of accredited and verified voters on the record of the Bimodal Voter Accreditation System (BVAS) for the same polling units."

The Petitioner therefore sought the following reliefs, namely:

"72 WHEREOF the Petitioners pray jointly and severally against the Respondents as follows:-

  1. That it may be determined that at the time of the Osun State Governorship election of 16thJuly, 2022, the 2nd defendant was not qualified to contest the said election.
  2. That it may be determined that all the votes recorded for the 2ndrespondent in the said election are wasted votes as a result of the non-qualification of the td
  3. That it may be determined that on the basis of the remaining votes after discounting the votes recorded for the 2nd respondent, in the said election the ftpetitioner has a majority of lawful votes and has satisfied the constitutional requirement by obtaining the required spread, that is, 25% of votes in each of at least two thirds (2/3) of all the local government areas of Osun State.
  4. That it may be determined that the votes recorded and/returned in 749 polling units in the following Local Government Areas, namely Ede North (101 Polling Unit); Ede South (19 Polling units); Egbedore (55 Polling Units); Ejigbo (58 Polling Units); Ila (56 Polling Units); Ilesha West (67 Polling Units); Irepodun (48 Polling Units); Obokun (36 Polling Units); Olorunda (103 Polling Units); and Osogbo (147 Polling Units) did not represent lawful votes cast in the said polling units in the said Local Government Areas in the Osun State Governorship election held on 16 July, 2022 and as having been obtained in vitiating circumstances of substantial non compliance with mandatory provisions of the Electoral Act,
  5. That it may be determined that the 2ndRespondent was not duly elected by a majority of lawful votes cast in the Osun State Governorship election held on 16 July, 2022 and, therefore, the declaration and return of the 2nd Respondent by the first Respondent as the Governor of Osun State are unlawful, undue, null, void and of no effect.
  6. That it may be determined that the 15tPetitioner was duly and validly elected and ought to be returned as Governor of Osun State, having polled the highest number of lawful votes cast at the election to the office of the Governor of Osun State held on Saturday, 16th July, 2022 and having satisfied the constitutional requirements for the said election by obtaining the required spread, that is by obtaining 25% of votes in at least two-thirds (2/3) of all the local government areas of Osun State.
  7. That the first Petitioner be declared validly elected or returned in the said election.
  8. An order directing the f Respondent to issue a Certificate of Return to the first  Petitioner as the duly elected Governor of Osun State.
  9. An order declaring null and void the Certificate of Return wrongly issued to the first Respondent by the 1st

IN THE ALTERNATIVE AND ONLY IN THE ALTERNATIVE

  1. That the said election under reference was vitiated by substantial non-compliance with the mandatory statutory requirements which substantially affected the validity of the said election that none of the candidates in the said election can be validly returned as having won the said election.
  2. k) That the Osun State Governorship election held on July 16th 2022 is void on the ground that the election was not conducted substantially in accordance with the provisions of the Electoral Act, 2022.

IJ That the Osun State Governorship election held on July 16th

2022 be nullified or cancelled and 15t Respondent be directed to conduct a fresh election to the office of the Governor of Osun State.

  1. m) Costs of this Petition."

The petition and the accompanying processes were served on each of the Respondents.

The 15' Respondent filed a reply to the petition on the 23rd day of August, 2022. The reply of the 15' Respondent, denied in material particular the grounds of the petition, and the facts upon which the said grounds were based. In addition, the reply of the 15' Respondent was accompanied with preliminary objections which were argued at the pre-hearing session, and rulings thereon reserved to be determined along with the petition.

The 2nd Respondent, on his part, filed his reply to the petition on the 9th day of September, 2022. He accompanied the said Reply with a preliminary objection, which was considered during the pre trial session and ruling reserved, to be considered along with the judgment in the petition.

The 3rd Respondent filed her reply to the petition on the 23rd of August, 2022, and included therein, a notice of preliminary objection in accordance with the provisions of the Electoral Act, 2022.

Both the 2'd and 3rd Respondents, like the 15t Respondent denied in material particular the grounds of the petition, and facts upon which the said petition is predicated upon.

 

The Petitioners' Reply to the first  Respondents' reply was filed on the 31st day of August, 2022; the Petitioners' Reply to the 2nd Respondent reply was filed on the 16th day of September, 2022; while the Petitioners' Reply to the 3rd Respondent reply was filed on the 31st day of August, 2022. In the said Replies of the Petitioners to the Respondents Replies, the Petitioners also filed responses to the preliminary objections filed by the Respondents.

Specifically, the applications filed by the Respondents were

EPT/OS/GOV/01/M.12/2022 filed by the 1st Respondent; EPT/OS/GOV/01/M.6/2022 and EPT/OS/GOV/01/M.14/2022 filed by the 2nd Respondent; and, EPT/OS/GOV/01/M.10/2022 with EPT/OS/GOV/M.13/2022 filed by the 3rd Respondent.

The said applications challenged certain paragraphs of the petition, and the jurisdiction of the Tribunal to determine the petition by reason of the competence of the 1st Petitioner as a candidate in the said elections of 16/7/2022.

During the pre trial hearing, parties filed their respective forms TF0081 and answers to pre hearing questions, and, the pre hearing session conducted. Learned counsel for the parties filed issues for determination during the pre trial hearing session. The said issues for determination were adopted by the parties along with the other processes filed for the parties.

As earlier stated, learned counsel for the parties moved their various applications, for which, ruling thereon would be delivered alongside the judgment in the petition. The pre trial hearing schedule order was thereafter made on the

 

The Petitioners called Pw1 Isiaka Olarenwanju, whose evidence is contained on pages 537 — 658 of claim in the petition. He is identified with the acronym IOSTA, and Pw2, Adeosun Rasaki, whose Statement on Oath is contained on pages 151 — 225 of volume 1A of the petition, and, identified with the acronym PSCA. He also made additional Statements on Oath on the 31st day of August, 2022 and 16th day of September, 2022 respectively. The said additional Stateme •.2 h

 

SECRETARY

were in response to the reply of the 1st and 3rd Respondents respectively to the petition.

Before the Pw1 and Pw2 adopted their Statements on Oath as their evidence in this petition, learned counsel for the Petitioners, Prince Lateef Fagbemi SAN, had applied and tendered schedule of documents. They were admitted and marked as exhibits SCH1, SCH2 and SCH3 respectively.

The said exhibits SCH1, SCH2 and SCH3 contained the various necessary and mandatory forms used by the 15t Respondent in the election of 16/7/2022. Also tendered and admitted was the Bimodal Voter Accreditation System Report (hereinafter in this judgment known as BVAS) in evidence as exhibit BVR. The payments for certification of the said exhibits were also admitted in evidence, and marked accordingly.

Thereafter, Pw1 and Pw2 adopted their sworn Statements on Oath as their evidence in the petition.

The substance of their evidence runs thus:

The 2nd Respondent, at the time of the election of 16/7/2022 was not qualified to contest the said election, and that he has committed forgery in respect of the School Certificates he presented to 1st Respondent as his qualification in the said election. The evidence is on ground 1 of the petition. Exhibit CF9 Series and FILE D are relied on for the said evidence. For the purpose of grounds 2 and 3 of the petition, it is the evidence of the witnesses that there was over voting in favour of the 2nd Respondent to the said election, by reason of which the said return and declaration in favour of the 2nd Respondent is not in accordance with the Electoral Act (Supra) and the extant regulations governing the conduct of elections, and as such, the said declaration and return should be set aside and the 1st Petitioner who scored a majority of lawful votes at the said election should be declared and returned as the duly elected Governor of Osun State in the election held on 16/7/2022. The evidence in respect of grounds 2 and 3 of the petition relates to 749 Polling Units in 10 Local Government Areas of

 

Osun State. The said Local Governments are Ede North with 101 Polling Units; Ede South, with 91 Polling Units; Egbedore, with 56 Polling Units; Ejigbo, with 58 Polling Units; Ila, with 56 Polling Units; Ilesha West, with 67 Polling Units; Irepodun, 48 Polling Units; Obokun, with 36 Polling Units; Olorunda, with 103 Polling Units and Osogbo, with 147 Polling Units.

Learned counsel for each of the Respondents, cross examined Pw1 and Pw2 on their evidence.

Learned counsel for the Petitioner subpoenaed, and the 1st Respondent produced exhibit FILE D.

The Petitioners thereafter closed their case.

The 1st Respondent, on her part, also tendered and schedules were admitted and marked as exhibits R.SCH1, R.SCH2, R.SCH3 and R.SCH4. The BVAs Machines, numbered 1-744 of 16 pages were admitted as exhibit R.BVM. The schedule of BVAs Machines with 6 items was admitted and marked as exhibit R.BVM1.

Learned counsel for 1st Respondent, Prof. Ananaba SAN, tendered, and BVAs accreditation report as at 22/8/2022 was admitted and marked as exhibit R.BVR. The Certificate of Compliance with the Evidence Act, (Supra) was admitted and marked as Exhibit R.CER. The payment receipt for certification of Exhibit R.BVR was admitted as exhibit R.REC and the remita receipt as exhibit R.REMT.

At that stage, 1st Respondent called her lone witness, Rw1, Mrs. Abimbola Olajungaye, a deputy Director in the ICT department of the 1st Respondent. Her Statement on oath is on pages 352 to 724 of volume 2 of the record filed by the 1st Respondent.

The BVAs Machines, which are 976 in number in boxes were examined by learned counsel for the parties and thereafter tendered by learned counsel for the 1st Respondent. The Tribunal marked the said boxes with the BVAs Machines in accordance with the 10 Local Government Areas to which they relate. The said markings are in the record of the Tribunal in the proceedings conducted on the 21st day of December, 2022.

The evidence of RW1, in a nutshell is that she had received a request for the physical inspection of the BVAs Machines and she honoured the said request. Exhibits RWA, RWB and RWC were tendered through RW1 by learned counsel for the 2nd Respondent, Dr. Ikpeazu SAN during cross examination of RW1. RW1 stated under cross-examination by learned counsel for the 2nd Respondent when exhibit RVR was issued, that, the 1st  Respondent had not synchronized the result of the election of 16/7/2022 with the back end server and the physical extraction of the date from the BVAs Machines, when exhibit BVR was issued and given to the Petitioners.

In respect to a question under cross examination from learned counsel for the 3rd Respondent, Dr. Izinyon SAN, RW1 answered that exhibit R.BVR 1 — 129 supercedes exhibit BVR because exhibit BVR was unsynchronized. Under cross examination by learned counsel for the Petitioners, Chief Olujinmi SAN, RW1 admitted signing both exhibits BVR and R.BVR and that there is a certificate affirming the accuracy of both exhibits.

The other material evidence, under cross-examination of RW1 would be referred to in the course of this judgment.

The 15t Respondent thereafter closed her case.

Learned counsel for the 2" Respondent, Dr. lkpeazu SAN, applied and tendered various forms EC8A Series, EC8B Series, which were admitted in evidence and marked accordingly. The schedule of the said documents were admitted and marked as exhibits 2R.SCH1 and 2R.SCH2 respectively.

The 2" Respondent, then called the evidence of RW2, Samuel Oduntan, a statistician and forensic examiner, whose evidence is on pages 341 — 395 of volume 11 of the record of the 2nd Respondent, and that of Mr. Samuel Atanda Bunmi Jenyo, as RW3, whose evidence is on pages 334 — 340 of volume 2 of the record of the 2nd Respondent.

 

SEC' R EARY

The evidence of RW2 is that he did a forensic examination of the various forms used in the election with physical examination of the BVAs Machines deployed for that purpose, and discovered over voting in only 6 Polling Units, and not 749 Polling Units alleged by the Petitioners. The evidence of RW3 is that he is a personal assistant of the 2nd Respondent, by virtue of which, he has been entrusted with the educational certificates of the 2nd Respondent, which disclose his qualification for the said election of 16/7/2022.

The RW2 and RW3 were also cross-examined on their evidence.

Several other documents were tendered and admitted in evidence by learned counsel for the 2nd Respondent. 2nd Respondent thereafter closed their defence.

The 3rd Respondent did not call any evidence. She rested her case on the evidence on record and tendered documents which were admitted in evidence, subject to the objection raised thereon by learned counsel for the Petitioners.

It should be noted that learned counsel for the parties, applied and the pre trial hearing schedule order was modified for parties to file objections to the tendering and admissibility of documents, separate from final written addresses on issues for determination, which parties had filed and adopted during their pre trial hearing session. In that regard, learned counsel for the parties have filed the said objection to the said documents.

Learned counsel for the 1st Respondent, Prof. Ananaba SAN, filed his objection on 30/12/2022, wherein, he attacked exhibits RC1, RC2 and BVR in his objections. In addition, exhibits PUBL 1 — 3 and CER were subject to objection by learned counsel for the 1st Respondent.

According to learned counsel for the 1st Respondent, exhibit RC2 bears the date of 31st day of August 2022, whereas the exhibits for which it purports to be evidence of certification were made between 30th day of May, 2022 and 21st day of August 2022, contrary to Section 104(1) of the Evidence Act 2011. In the opinion of learned counsel for the 1st Respondent, payment for certified copies of

 

documents are made before certification are done and not certification before payments, in which case, the said document should be rejected.

In addition, learned counsel for the 1st Respondent submitted that the exhibit RC2 has the name "ALL PROGRESSIVE CONGRESS PARTY, which is different from the name of the 2'd Petitioner, which shows that exhibit RC2 is not meant for the 2nd Petitioner, but, an entity unknown to law and the parties in the petition.

The same affliction, according to learned counsel for the 1st Respondent, attaches to exhibit RC1 dated 28th day of July, 2022, rendering exhibit BVR which was certified on 27th day of August 2022, inadmissible. Learned counsel for the 1st Respondent cited and relied on PDP vs. Sidi Ali (2004) All FWLR (Pt. 220) 1371 at 1381; and Barau & Anor vs. INEC & Ors (2019) LPELR-48847 (CA) 18 — 19 paras C —F for the submissions.

On exhibits PUBL 1- 3, and CER, learned counsel for the 1st Respondent has submitted that exhibit PUBL 1 -3 has alterations, cancellations and marking thereon, which have not been explained by Engineer Remo Omawaye, who made exhibit CER, and as such, the said exhibit PUBL 1 — 3 and CER are contrary to Section 84(2) and 160(1) of the Evidence Act (Supra). The cases of Omisore & Ors v. Aregbesola & Ors (2015) 15 NWLR (Pt.1487) 205 at 294 paras F-G; Bayo vs. Njidaa (2004) 8 NWLR (Pt. 876) 544 at 622 paras A — E cited for the submission.

Learned counsel for the 1st Respondent argued upon the Tribunal to reject the said exhibits and mark them as such.

Learned counsel for the 2nd Respondent objected to some exhibits to which learned counsel for the 1st Respondent had objected to in his submission on the documents. The said objection was filed on 31/12/2022. The reasons advanced by learned counsel for the 1st Respondent were the same reasons made by learned counsel for the 2nd Respondent on his objection to the exhibits in question. Learned counsel for the 2nd Respondent, however, added the authorities of INEC vs. Ara ka (1990) LPELR-1910 (SC). Section 221 — 222 of the Constitution of

Nigeria, 1999 as amended, Seamarine Intl. Ltd vs. Ayetoro Bay Agency (2015) LPELR-24785 (CA), Onuekwusi vs. R.T.T.C.M.Z.0 (2011) LPELR 27021 (SC), Sokoto vs. INEC (2022) 3 NWLR (Pt. 1818) 577, F.A.A.N vs. Wamal Express Services (Nig) Ltd (2011) LPELR-1261 (SC), (2011) 8 NWLR (Pt. 1249) 219 and Udom vs. Umana (No.1) (2016) 12 NWLR (Pt. 5526) 253.

Learned counsel for the 2nd Respondent urged on the Tribunal to expunge the said exhibits from the record of the court.

Learned counsel for the 31d Respondent filed his objections to documents on the 30th day of December 2022. The same exhibits objected to by learned counsel for the 1st and 2nd Respondents are the same documents the objections of learned counsel for the 3rd Respondent relates to. The same reasons advanced by learned counsel for the 1st and 2'd Respondents are relied on by learned counsel for the 3rd Respondent in his submissions in respect of his objections. The additional authorities relied on by learned counsel for the 3`d Respondent in that regard are Calabar Municipal Govt. vs. Honestly (2022) 2 NWLR (Pt.1815) 403 at 432 paras A — C, Njoku vs. UAC Foods (1999) 12 NWLR (Pt.632) 557 at 565 para F, WITT & BUSCH Ltd vs. Goodwill and Trust Investment Inv. Ltd (2004) 8 NWLR (Pt.874) 179 at 203 paras B — G, Sokoto & Anor vs. INEC & Ors (2022) 3 NWLR (Pt. 1818) 577 besides the ones relied on by learned counsel for the ft and 2nd Respondents. He therefore urged upon the Tribunal to reject the said documents and marked them as such.

Learned counsel for the Petitioners, Prince Fagbemi SAN, filed replies to the 15t Respondents objections to the admissibility of exhibits RC1, RC2, PUBL 1 — 3 and BVR on the 8th day of January 2022. The said process also contains his objections to the documents tendered by the 1st Respondent in the petition.

Learned counsel for the Petitioners submitted contrariwise to the submissions of learned counsel for the 15t Respondent in respect of the aforesaid exhibits. He relied on Section 104(1) and (2) of the Evidence Act (Supra), contending in effect, that, the said section did not specify whether the payment of the prescribed fee for the certification of documents mu HP .Qajdbefore

 

certification; and Section 168(1) of the same Evidence Act (Supra) for presumption of regularity in respect of Certified True Copies of documents. He also called in aid, the judicial authorities of Union Bank of Nigeria Plc vs. Ozigi (1994) 2 NWLR (Pt. 333) 385, Isulight (Nig) Ltd vs. Jackson (2005) 11 NWLR (Pt. 837) 631, Egwunewu vs. Egeagwu (2007) 6 NWLR (Pt. 6031) 431; Williams vs. Williams (2014) LPELR 22642 without indicating the court, FCDA & Ors vs. Nzelu & Anor (2018) LPELR-20830 (CA), Olagundoye & Anor vs. Albert & Anor (2014) LPELR-22980, without the court, Okelola vs. Adeleke (2004) LPELR-2438, also without the court. Other cases cited by learned counsel for the Petitioner in his reply to the objections are Ndoma Egba vs. Chukwuogon (2004) All FWLR (Pt. 217) 735 at 754, para H.; N.D.I.0 vs. Okem Ent. Ltd (2004) All FWLR (Pt. 210) 1126 at 1234 paras B — D; P.D.P vs. Sidi Ali (2014) All FWLR (Pt.220) 1371 at 1386 para A; Ojokolobo vs. Alamu (2004) All FWLR (Pt. 237) 579 at 606 on the principle that the plain words of Section 104, which are unambiguous, should be given their ordinary grammatical meaning, and Yusufu vs. Obasanjo (2003) FWLR (Pt. 172) 1849 - 1862 to the effect that, the Tribunal should give effect to the law no matter how detestable it may be.

Referring to the case of Tabik Investment Ltd & Anor vs. GTB (2011) 17 NWLR (Pt. 1276) 240, learned counsel submitted that where a document is uncertified, a court of law can order it to be certified before proceedings would continue, as such, there is nothing wrong or improper in paying post dated, the fee for certification of any document which had not been paid for after certification.

Learned counsel for the Petitioners distinguished what the authority of Sokoto vs. INEC (Supra), decided from the facts of the objection herein, contending that, the evidence of certification of exhibit RC1 And RC2, with BVR have a nexus with the various forms EC8A, EC8B Series tendered in evidence, unlike what happened in Sokoto vs. INEC (Supra), and that there is proximity in time between exhibits RC1, RC2 and exhibit BVR with the various forms EC8 Series in evidence.

 

Learned counsel for the Petitioners concluded his response to the said objection with Section 146 of the Evidence Act (Supra), and the cases of NBA vs. Kalejaiye (2016) 6 NWLR (Pt. 1508) 393, at 422 424 paras G B, and, urged upon the Tribunal to dismiss the said objection to the admissibility of the said exhibits under consideration.

Similar arguments have also been advanced by learned counsel for the Petitioners to the objections raised by learned counsel for the 2nd and 3rd Respondents to the admissibility of the said exhibits under consideration. Consequently, the arguments of learned counsel for the Petitioners are hereby adopted for the objections of learned counsel for the 2nd and 3rd Respondents to the said exhibits.

Exhibits RC1 and RC2 are receipts for payments issued by the 15t Respondent for certification of various forms EC8 Series contained in exhibits SCH1, SCH2 and SCH3. Exhibits RC1 and RC2 are dated the 28th day of July, 2022 and 3rd day of August 2022 respectively. The said exhibits are in respect of the contents of exhibits SCH1, SCH2 and SCH3 together with exhibit BVR. There is therefore a nexus between the said exhibit RC1 and RC2 with BVR, unlike the facts in the case of Sokoto vs. INEC (Supra), relied on by each of learned counsel for the Respondents. The fact that the dates in exhibits RC1 and RC2 post date the dates on the various forms in exhibits SCH1, SCH2 and SCH3 does not make them inadmissible. See Section 157 of the Evidence Act (Supra). The test of admissibility it should be noted, is relevancy. See Section 4 and 5 of the Evidence Act (Supra). See also the cases of Omatseye v. FRN (2017) LPELR-42719 (CA) 1 at 7 — 8, para A; Ajose-Adeogun & Anor v. Olojede & Ors (2018) LPELR-43683 (CA) 1 at 14 — 15, para E; Obiagwu & Ors vv. Okorafor (2019) LPELR-46689 (CA) 1 at 35 — 37, paras, A — B and Etim & Anor v. Akpan & Ors (2019) LPELR-48681 (CA) 1 at 10 — 12, paras, D — B.

In any event, exhibits RC1, RC2 and BVR are documents made by the 1st Respondent. There is a presumption of regularity in favour of those exhibits. See Section 168(1) of the Evidence Act (Supra), See also Shamo & Ors v. Abuul (2020)

LPELR-49947 (CA) 1 at 24 25. The burden to rebut the presumption of regularity in favour of the said exhibits rest on the 1st Respondent. See Section 136 read with Section 145 of the Evidence Act (Supra). See also Ojo vs. Kamalu (2005) 18 NWLR (Pt. 958) 523 at 565, and Daudu vs. NNPC (1998) 2 NWLR (Pt. 538) 355 cited by learned counsel for the Petitioners in his processes filed in response to the said objections to the admissibility to the said exhibits.

Exhibit RC2, as rightly submitted by learned counsel for the Respondents, is in favour of "ALL PROGRESSIVE CONGRESS PARTY". The said "ALL PROGRESSIVE CONGRESS PARTY" is not synonymous with the 2nd Petitioner in this petition. It is not apparent from exhibit RC2 that the "ALL PROGRESSIVE CONGRESS PARTY" is a juristic person. Nevertheless, the name appearing on exhibit RC2 amounts to a misnomer, which does not detract from the import from the said exhibit RC2, and, we hereby so hold. See Electoral Officer & Ors vs. Paschal & Anor (2015) LPELR-25993 (CA) 1 at 13 — 15, paras, B — C; Yohanna & Ors v. Gabriel & Ors (2020) LPELR-49948 (CA) 1 at 12 — 14, paras, C — F; PDP v. Nwoko & Ors (2019) LPELR-47900 (CA) 1 at 30 — 31, paras, E — A; Awuzie & Ors v. Ohanwe & Ors (2020) LPELR — 49555 (CA) 1 at 21 — 23 para A; Echendu v. Ozurigbo & Ors (2019) LPELR-48834 (CA) 1 at 12 — 13, para, F and APGA v. UBA & Ors (2019) LPELR47700 (CA) 1 at 9, paras A-B.

We thus, see no merit in the various objections to exhibits RC1, RC2 and BVR. The said objections are hereby dismissed. The exhibits in question were correctly admitted.

On exhibit PUBL 1 — 3, the Respondents have not disclosed the cancellations, alteration or markings which detract from the material questions of the rights and interest of the parties in this petition in the said exhibit PUBL 1— 3. It is not enough to contend that there are alterations, cancellations on the said document. The party alleging such cancellations, alterations or marking must proceed to prove how such facts have affected the rights of the parties or the legal effect in the said documents. See Section 160(7) of the Evidence Act (Supra). There is no such proof by the Respondents to this petition. As such the oblection to the admissibility of exhibit PUBL 1 - 3 is equally hereby dismissed. The said exhibit PUBL 1 — 3 was therefore correctly admitted. See Sections 52 read with Section 105 of Evidence Act (Supra).

Consequently, the Reply on points of law by the 3th Respondent in response to the objections raised by the 3rd Respondents to the Petitioners documents is dismissed.

We shall now turn our attention to the objections filed on the 8th day of January, 2023 to the various documents tendered by the 15t, 2nd and 3th Respondents and replies made thereto by the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Respondents to the said objections.

Learned counsel for the Petitioners referred to exhibits RWC, 2R.RW2 and submitted that they were made during the pendency of the petition, and by a party interested, and as such, inadmissible, by virtue of Section 83(3) of the Evidence Act (Supra). The case of Alade vs. Olukade (1976) (SC) 183; Anagbedo vs. Faruk (2018) LPELR-44909 SC; Owei vs. Ighiwi (2005) 5 NWLR (Pt. 917) 84; Ladoja vs. Ajimobi (2016) 10 NWLR (Pt. 1519) 87; FRSC & Ors vs. Incorporated Trustees of Risk & Accident Prevention Society of Nig. (2020) LPELR-51271 (CA) are cited for the submission.

Learned counsel for the Petitioners urged the Tribunal to expunge the said exhibits from the record of the Tribunal, citing in support, the case of Zenith Bank Plc vs. Igbokwe (2018) LPELR-44777 (CA) for the submission.

On exhibits 2R.RW6, 2R.RW7, 2R.RW8, 2R.RW9, 2R.RW10, 2R.RW11 and 2R.RW12, learned counsel for the Petitioners contended that RW2 is not the maker of the said exhibits. He is also not a staff of the institutions that made or issued the said documents, with no explanation why the makers or owners of the said documents did not come to court to tender them. The cases of NBC vs. Ubani (2009) All FWLR (Pt. 497) 40 and Trade Bank Plc vs. Moronkeji (Nig) Ltd (2005) 6 NWLR (Pt. 309) without the page are cited for the submissions.

 

In addition, it is submitted by learned counsel for the Petitioners that when such documents are admitted, no weight would be attached to them, as they amount to hearsay, citing in support the cases of Flash Fixed Odds Ltd vs. Akatuga (2001) FWLR (Pt. 76) 709 at 730; Kubor vs. Dickson (2012) LPELR-9817 (5C) 392 at 429; Wuzirchi vs. Muhammed (2019) All FWLR (Pt. 977) 93 at 111 —113; Ikpeazu vs. Otti (2016) All FWLR (Pt. 833) 1946 at 1988; Andrew vs. INEC (2018) 9 NWLR (Pt. 1625) 507 at 558 paras E — F and Nyesom vs. Peterside & Ors (2016) All FWLR (Pt.842) 1573 at 1639 para E for the submission.

According to learned counsel for the Petitioners, RW3, who tendered the said documents, has no personal knowledge of the documents, by which, the said evidence of RW3 amounts to documentary hearsay, for which, they should be expunged from the record of the court. See the cases of Okowa vs. Emerhor (2016) 1 NWLR (Pt. 1522) 1; Olalomi Industries vs. N.I.D.B (2002) 17 NWLR (Pt. 795) 59 at 84 — 85; Mark vs. Abubakar (2009) 2 NWLR (Pt. 1124) 79 at 184 — 185; Uwa Printers Ltd vs. Investment Trust Ltd (1988) 5 NWLR (Pt. 92) 110 at 122 paras A — C; Nya vs. Edem (2005) 4 NWLR (Pt. 915) 345 at 369 to 379 para A; Aregbesola vs. Oyinlola (2011) 9 NWLR (Pt. 1253) 458 at 186 — 187 paras H — F; Alao vs. Akano (2005) All FWLR (Pt. 264) 799 at 812 — 813 cited for the submission.

Specifically, on exhibit 2R.RW11, learned counsel submitted that RW2 is not the photographer who took the pictures forming the basis of exhibit 2R.RW4, and as such, exhibit 2R.Rw12 dated 21/12/2022 could not have been made by RW2, for which reason, it should be expunged from the record, as it has no probative value. The case of NIMASA vs. Hensmor (Nig) Ltd (2015) 5 NWLR (Pt. 1452) 778 is cited for the submissions along with Section 83(1) of the Evidence Act (Supra).

Learned counsel for the Petitioners turned his attention to exhibits RWA, RWB, 2R.RW3, 3A, 3B and 3C tendered and admitted during cross-examination of RW1 and RW2 by learned counsel for the 2nd Respondent on facts, which learned counsel for Petitioners stated are not pleaded and the said documents themselves were not pleaded. Reference is made to the replies of the 1st, 2nd and

 

Last modified on Sunday, 29 January 2023 17:28

President Muhammadu Buhari has given reasons why the government decided to replace the old naira notes with the new ones.
Speaking on Saturday in a statement by his senior special assistant on media and publicity, Garba Shehu, the President said the new naira notes were introduced to stop illicit funds, prevent counterfeits, corruption, and terrorist funding.

President Buhari added that the government policy was not designed to harm or cause hardship for the common man but to stabilize and strengthen the economy.


While acknowledging the hardship Nigerians have been facing in trying to swap the old notes for the new ones before the January 31st deadline set by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), President Buhari assured that the apex bank is working with the commercial banks on initiatives to stop the long queues and prevent chaos over the distribution of the new naira notes.


The statement reads: “President Muhammadu Buhari, Saturday assured that government will ensure that citizens are unharmed in their businesses and no disruption is caused to the entire supply chain arising from the currency swap due to end shortly.

“Reacting to reports of long queues of people waiting for hours for their turn to deposit old notes and get new ones, triggering public anger and opposition’s criticism, President Buhari reiterated that the currency changes were aimed at people hoarding illicit funds and not the common man, and that it had become necessary to prevent counterfeits, corruption, and terrorist funding.

 

“This, he assured, will stabilize and strengthen the economy.

“While taking note that the poorest section of society is facing hardship as they often keep hard cash at home for various expenses, President Buhari gave strong assurances that the government will not leave them to their own fate.

“He reiterated that a number of initiatives by the Central Bank and all commercial banks are underway to speed up distribution of the new notes and do all that is necessary to forestall cash squeeze and chaos.”

Last modified on Sunday, 29 January 2023 04:14

Southeast governors have boycotted Anambra State Governor Prof Chukwuma Soludo’s regional summit on human capital development.

The governors of Abia, Ebonyi, Enugu, and Imo sent representatives to the two-day summit in Awka, the capital of Anambra State.


Soludo bemoaned the region’s leaders’ lack of unity, saying it was detrimental to the Southeast’s prosperity.

He called for the formation of a regional education board to develop a curriculum for the region.

The governor also said that the Southeast could come together and set up a teacher certification institute to certify teachers for schools in the region.


It was his reaction to recommendations and policy documents unveiled by technocrats during the conference.

In the area of education, labour and health, he said they could be adopted by the governors of the region to grow human capital.

He maintained that the Southeast could not afford to lag in the area of human capital development, adding that Anambra had the least land mass in the country, and also the least natural resources.

Soludo said: “Your recommendations are excellent. I will read them with keen interest and see which of them we can take.

“We have little land mass in the Southeast. We are actually the smallest with Lagos State, but while Lagos is reclaiming land from the sea, we are losing our land to gully erosion.


“Anambra is the world’s gully erosion capital. In the Southeast, we are landlocked, and we have the least mineral resources. Our only boost is human capital.

“Human capital naturally is our only dependable resource. It has been so yesterday and today and will remain so tomorrow.

He described the conference as “pivotal to who we are.

“And if we do not mind about human resources, then we are going nowhere. We must work on that.

“I listened to your recommendations on education, but who said the Southeast cannot set up a regional education board to fashion out a curriculum for students in the region?

“Must we always use what others are using? Who knows, you may fashion out a curriculum that will attract the interest of other people, and the world at large.

“The various governments of the Southeast can come together and set up a teacher certification institute to certify teachers for schools in the region too.”

Soludo lamented that in the past some governments of the Southeast sent home some workers, on the ground that they were not from their state. He added that Anambra had reversed that policy.

“We just recruited 5,000 teachers in Anambra State, but I told the ministry not to accept if I recommend anybody to them. We employed people from every state.

“All I need is for the best teachers to be employed. Our children deserve the best teachers, and all they hope to get is the very best, no matter where the teachers come from.

“In my own eyes, I don’t see those boundaries and for the greatness of Nigeria, we must not see those boundaries,” he said.

The conference had the theme: changing the narrative – towards entrenching human capital development in the Southeast Nigeria.

Last modified on Sunday, 29 January 2023 04:15

The Divisional Police Officer of Jahun Local Government Area, Jigawa State, SP Abubakar Musa has slumped and died in his office.

Spokesman of the State police command, DSP. Lawan Shiisu Adamu confirmed the death in a statement issued to DAILY POST on Saturday.

He said the incident happened on Friday night around 9:00 pm in the DPO’s Jahun Division office after a protracted illness.

According to him, “SP. Abubakar Musa died yesterday around 9:00pm while closing from his official duty.”

He explained that the deceased was rushed to the Jahun General Hospital and Rashid Shekoni General Hospital and was later moved to Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital where he was confirmed dead.

The State Commissioner of Police, CP. Emmanuel Ekot Effiom consoled the deceased’s family and the Nigeria Police Force.

Last modified on Sunday, 29 January 2023 04:15

The West Africa Democracy Solidarity Network (WADEMOS) has issued a warning that the nation’s lingering fuel scarcity may negatively impact the 2023 elections set for February.
According to WADEMOS, a Coalition of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), fuel scarcity could affect the logistics and distribution of materials ahead of the 2023 general elections.

The civil society asserted that there are grounds for worry given that previous elections in the country were postponed, in part due to logistical problems.


To lessen the potential impact of the present shortages on the election, WADEMOS requested the government to increase fuel availability.

The CSOs made this call at a press conference that took place after its mission of solidarity in Nigeria ended on Saturday.

“Observations have been made about multiple security concerns that could significantly threaten the smooth conduct of the elections,” its Director, Advocacy and Policy Engagement, Dr. Kojo Pumpuni Asante said.


“These include the strong undertone of religious and ethnic tensions taking center-stage in the political discourse and debate among political parties and candidates alike.”

The statement added: “Another issue of concern is around the deployment of materials and logistics ahead of the election. This fear is exacerbated by the current long-running incidence of fuel scarcity in the country. We strongly note the postponement of previous elections in Nigeria, partly due to logistical concerns.


“This has the tendency of increasing voter apathy and turnout, particularly for voters who will travel long distances to their polling stations.

“Again, it has implications for the movement of security personnel and patrol teams that will be deployed to provide security for the election.”

Last modified on Sunday, 29 January 2023 04:15

David Mark junior son of former Senate President, David Mark has tied the knot with his woman, Vanessa.

The duo had their traditional wedding on Friday, January 27.

The wedding ceremony had in attendance royal fathers, political leaders, colleagues, friends and well-wishers from across the country.

 

 

Last modified on Sunday, 29 January 2023 04:15

With three days to the 31 January deadline to phase out the old naira notes nationwide, many Nigerians have lamented the pain of getting the new notes.

Following the Central Bank of Nigeria’s refusal to extend the deadline for the old naira notes, churches, mosques, businesses, traders and transporters said from Saturday, 28 January 2023 (today), they would only collect new notes, DAILY POST learnt on Friday.

Although some Deposit Money Banks disclosed that their branches would be available on Saturday and Sunday for customers’ cash swap transactions, getting the new naira notes remains frustrating.

DAILY POST gathered that banks in Delta, Edo, Imo, Enugu, Bayelsa other cities still dispense the old naira Naira notes.

Speaking on the effect of the deadline, Nigerians took to Twitter to express their frustration.

Here are their reactions:

@Funke Rotimi: “ATMs are no longer paying, and new notes are very scarce, yet the 31st is the deadline. You all are making Nigerians suffer for nothing.”

@Omo Logbon: “The time frame for the old Naira note is short. Even banks in Abeokuta need to load their ATM with the new Naira note, and they are not giving it out either. It’s so annoying when you are hungry; get to the ATM, dispense the old note, and take it to the market woman.”

@Ikeaka Onuoha: “The new naira notes are unavailable as all the banks I visited in Yenagoa have no new currency; they were busy paying out the old notes. @cenbank, let’s have a daily update on national radio, as was the case with Covid-19, where we can get the new notes.”

@Victor Onwuka: “The deadline for the old Naira note should be extended. It causes stress on both bankers and their customers.”

@King Kuro Okorowamta: “I hope this doesn’t lead to national chaos. It’s a legal tender; it isn’t a commodity that perishes over time. Whatever old currency N200, N500 & N1000 goes into the bank shouldn’t be recycled; in that way, the new money replaces it effortlessly. We are still where we are.”

@Emnanuel Mathew: “We are facing hell with this CBN directive; the old naira note is no longer valid as a means of exchange for goods; even conductors are rejecting it too”.

The CBN has rejected calls from financial stakeholders, lawmakers, governors and Nigerians to extend the deadline.

Last modified on Saturday, 28 January 2023 18:35

Across the country, Nigerians are living in uncertain times regarding their money, both the cash at hand and the one they have saved in the banks as the Central Bank Governor, Godwin Emefiele insists that the January 31st deadline for the usage of old currency notes remains sacrosanct.

“As things stand, the N200 denomination is scarce. We rely a lot on N200 notes, but we don’t have it. I still have lots of N200 in my box,” Dolapo Michael, a trader in Yaba area in Lagos State, told DAILY POST.

Mrs Michael’s predicament is not in isolation as many Nigerians are faced with uncertainty over the latest policy by the CBN. While the apex bank insisted that the policy is targeted at mopping up cash into the banking sector, however, it has become a political issue.

Bola Tinubu, the presidential candidate of the All Progressives Congress (APC) at the party’s campaign rally in Abeokuta, the Ogun State capital, alleged that the policy was targeted at him.

The two chambers of the National Assembly also asked the CBN to as a matter of urgency extend the period by 6 months; however, the CBN boss insisted that there shall be no extension.

Even the threat of a warrant of arrest has not swayed the CBN boss as he shunned the invitation of the House on two occasions.

The lawmakers are insisting that section 20 of the CBN Act mandates commercial banks to continue to accept the old notes even after the expiration of the deadline.

“The House is also aware that Section 20 (3) Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Act mandates the CBN to redeem the face value of the recalled currency upon demand, even after the expiration of the notice of recall. Notwithstanding the deadline imposed by the Central Bank of Nigeria(CBN), this House will see to it that this provision of the law is honoured in full,” Femi Gbajabiamila, the Speaker of the House said on Thursday.

However, banks have insisted that they will comply with the directive of the CBN on the subject matter.

On Friday, First Bank announced that it will no longer accept the old notes by 1st of February, therefore, urging its customers to take advantage of the weekend to deposit their old currency.

“This is to notify the general public that all our branches will be open on Saturday and Sunday just to receive cash.

“All old Naira notes of series 200, 500, and 1000 will cease to be in use from the 31st of January,” he said.

On Thursday, during a meeting between the banks and the committee of the House, bankers acknowledged that the new notes are not sufficient to meet the demand of Nigerians.

The representative of Sterling Bank, Orlando Umoren informed the lawmakers that the CBN rationed the money to different banks, but it was not sufficient to meet their needs.

He stated that Sterling Bank gets N150 million weekly for its branches in Kaduna, while N100m is shared among all its branches in Kano metropolis.

Also, the representative of Access Bank, Hadiza Ambuza said the bank is only able to disburse 10% of the total money it collects from customers.

“We are paying as much as we get. We are collecting the money and loading it at the ATM as quickly as we get it. Unfortunately, we are not getting them quickly. We have gotten about 10 percent of the total money. That is a challenge that we have. We are doing the best we can up until the deadline,” she said.

Despite the low circulation, the banks are following the directive of the CBN on the deadline.

The House of Representatives has insisted it will suspend its planned recess to address the issue and is willing to issue a warrant of arrest on Emefiele and speak with President Muhammadu Buhari.

Hakeem Liadi, a resident of Isanlu, in Kogi State, told DAILY POST that due to activities of armed robbers along the Kabba-Ilorin road, most banks have shut down and they rely on POS.

“In some instances, POS operators now charge as much as N100 on every N1,000 for Nigerians to get new notes,” Leadi said, adding that “We use POS for our transactions, it is like our own bank. With the rush, POS are also struggling to get the new notes. So, when they charge extra, we cannot complain.”

Lekan Olaleye, an economist, who spoke to DAILY POST, said the policy may be conceived with good intentions, however, the implementation may cause a significant impact on the economy.

“The CBN must understand that Nigeria is far from a cashless economy. Perhaps, they are overestimating data from POS terminals. As it stands, POS in Nigeria are for withdrawal of money not payment for goods. This economy still relies heavily on cash.

“By Monday, most commercial drivers may not want to accept the old note in fear of the deadline, but from findings, the new money is not circulating well enough. The CBN should have used the POS agents to speed up the circulation,” he noted.

When Mr Olaleye was asked about the intent of the CBN to curb kidnapping and vote buying by politicians, he said the mischief the bank seeks to curb may create a bigger problem.

“Poison is not the cure for cancer. Can the banks cope with the demand for money on February 1st? Apart from that, a large percentage of daily transactions still involves cash,” he said.

Last modified on Saturday, 28 January 2023 18:35
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